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ARCHIVE DATABASE


ADMINISTRATIVE DISTRICTS 



Administrative-Territorial Divisions

In 1869, Russian was declared to be the official language in all provinces of the Russian Empire. Polish language terminology that was used prior to that date was replaced by Russian. Record-keeping reverted back to the Polish language after Poland once again became an independent country after World War I.

Polish provinces of the Russian Empire (before 1869)
Wojewodztwo or Departament = province
Powiat = district
Gmina = smaller district including several villages
Wies = village
Kolonia = colony (a small settlement outside the main village)
Russian Empire
Gubernia = province
Uezd = district
Volost = smaller district including several villages
Gorod = town/city
Selo/Derevnaya = village
Lithuania Today
Apskritis = province
Rajon/Rajonas = district
Miestas = city
Miestelis = town
Kaimas = village
Poland Today
Wojewodztwo = province
Powiat = district
Gmina = smaller district including several villages
Miasto = city/town
Wies = village
Belarus Today
Oblast = province
Raion = district
Gorod = city/town
Selo/derevnaya = village
Ukraine Today
Oblast = province
Region = district
Misto = city/town
Selo = village
Moldova Today
Raion = district
Gorod = city/town
Selo = village


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